A surgery that closes tubes that carry the egg to the uterus (for females) or closes the tubes that carry semen (for males). This surgical operation is done at a hospital or clinic for women and men who are certain they do not want to have any more children. Most providers would encourage teens and young adults to consider one of the other long lasting reversible methods (IUD, implant) before considering sterilization. Read more.
Sterilization does protect against HIV and STDs.
Effectiveness based upon typical use.
Males: Vasectomy; Females: Tubal ligation
Sterilization is not reversible.
Are there any side effects?
Like all medical procedures, there are risks. Your provider will discuss specific risks and potential side effects for your procedure.