A surgery that closes tubes that carry the egg to the uterus (for females) or closes the tubes that carry semen (for males). This surgical operation is done at a hospital or clinic for women and men who are certain they do not want to have any more children. Most providers would encourage teens and young adults to consider one of the other long lasting reversible methods (IUD, implant) before considering sterilization. Read more.

Sterilization does protect against HIV and STDs.

Effectiveness based upon typical use.​

Males: Vasectomy; Females: Tubal ligation​

99% Effective

Sterilization is not reversible.


Are there any side effects?

Like all medical procedures, there are risks. Your provider will discuss specific risks and potential side effects for your procedure.

© 2016 UChoose

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CONTACT US was developed by the Baltimore City Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative with additional information provided by the Association of Reproductive Health ProfessionalsBedsiderThe National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, and Planned Parenthood. All birth control photography is property of and used with permission.

Know What U Want is a project of the Baltimore City Health Department and The Family League of Baltimore with the support of Planned Parenthood of Maryland, The Maryland Institute College of Art, New Lens, The Abell Foundation, The Straus Foundation, The David and Barbara B. Hirschhorn Foundation and The Henry and Ruth Blaustein Rosenberg Foundation.