A surgery that closes tubes that carry the egg to the uterus (for females) or closes the tubes that carry semen (for males). This surgical operation is done at a hospital or clinic for women and men who are certain they do not want to have any more children. Most providers would encourage teens and young adults to consider one of the other long lasting reversible methods (IUD, implant) before considering sterilization. Read more.
Sterilization does not protect against HIV and STIs.
Effectiveness based upon typical use.
Males: Vasectomy; Females: Tubal ligation